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1 OMRI Daily Digest - 28 June 1996 (mind)  67 sor     (cikkei)

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OMRI DAILY DIGEST
No. 126, 28 June 1996

WORLD BANK REAFFIRMS IMPORTANCE OF ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION. On 27 June
the World Bank launched its 1996 World Development Report, entitled
"From Plan to Market." The report concentrates on an analysis of the
economic transition in 26 countries of the former socialist bloc, plus
China and Vietnam. The report concludes that countries which adopted
consistent liberalization policies have fared better than those that did
not, having a lower fall in GDP and quicker recovery. China is a special
case since it has enjoyed rapid growth with only partial liberalization.
However, all of the countries which the World Bank considers most
successful (Poland, Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Macedonia, and the Czech
and Slovak Republics) are adjacent to developed capitalist economies.
Some more geographically isolated countries, such as Moldova, have also
liberalized but have not experienced an economic recovery. -- Peter
Rutland

POLAND INVITED TO JOIN OECD. Poland has been invited to join the
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the Paris-
based OECD announced on 27 June. Poland will be the OECD's 28th member
and the third Central European country after Hungary and the Czech
Republic. Its accession agreement would be signed in Paris on 11 July.
-- Jakub Karpinski

HUNGARIAN PRESIDENT CANCELS VISIT TO POLAND. Hungarian President Arpad
Goncz has canceled a planned 28 June visit to Poland at which Goncz
intended to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the 1956 anti-communist
uprising in Poznan. Goncz's spokesman said the Hungarian president
decided to postpone the trip because of political tensions in Poland; at
least three opposition groups planned to protest Polish President
Aleksander Kwasniewski's presence at the ceremonies. But his spokesman
said Kwasniewski also will not attend the ceremonies, Polish dailies
reported on 28 June. Kwasniewski was a minister in communist governments
before 1989. -- Jakub Karpinski

SLOVAK POLITICAL NEGOTIATIONS CONTINUE. Amidst an ongoing coalition
crisis, the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia continued talks
with opposition parties, meeting on 27 June with representatives of the
Christian Democratic Movement (KDH), Slovak media reported. KDH deputy
Frantisek Miklosko called for a change in coalition-opposition
relations, giving opposition parties the ability to share all areas of
control. The KDH also insisted on the return of all powers taken from
the president and demanded the dismissal of Interior Minister Ludovit
Hudek and Slovak Information Service director Ivan Lexa. Also on 27
June, Hungarian Civic Party chairman Laszlo Nagy accused Prime Minister
Vladimir Meciar of lying when he told the Council of Europe the previous
day that Hungarians can use their native language during wedding
ceremonies, Sme reported. Nagy pointed out that this is true only in
churches, not in state institutions. -- Sharon Fisher

AGREED-ON AMENDMENTS TO HUNGARIAN CONSTITUTION DEFEATED. The parliament
narrowly rejected proposals for amending the constitution on 27 June,
Hungarian media reported. The vote was five short of the necessary two-
thirds majority, mainly due to lack of support from the ruling Socialist
Party. Opposition Young Democrats deputy Janos Ader accused the
Socialists of breaking a six-party agreement concluded eight months ago.
Free Democrats (SZDSZ) President Ivan Peto said his party must draw far-
reaching conclusions from the Socialists' behavior. Asked by MTI if the
SZDSZ's confidence in its senior coalition partner had been shaken, Peto
responded: "it would do no good to say no." -- Sharon Fisher

[As of 12:00 CET]

Compiled by Tom Warner
Compiled by Steve Kettle


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