hat igen -- nehez kerdes (marmint: lasd a cikket alabb). biztos vagyok
benne, hogy a vonalban vannk mind szenvedelyes genpiszkalas-ellenzok es
biotech tamogatok is. erdekes lenne hallani az osszefoglalt
erveiket...! jomagam, bevallom, egyelore ovatos, szemlelodo
vagyok. magyarorszagon mar van forgalomban genpiszkalt aru? (es sajat
termeles, vagy import?).
This news story is from the Environment News Service:
LONDON, England, June 20, 1997 (ENS) - Genetically altered agricultural
products are proven safe, and the United States will continue to press
market access for these foods, U.S. Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman
the International Grains Council yesterday.
European consumers have been resistant to genetically altered foods,
it a prominent political issue this year after last year's crop of
genetically altered soybeans were exported mixed with ordinary beans.
Demonstrators in Austria and England took their views to ministers'
and food wholesalers last winter. In April, British consumers
in front of supermarkets that carry foods such as soy products,
made from mixed genetically altered and standard soybeans. Foods were
dumped in front of the shops in protest. In February, France became the
first European country to ban cultivation of genetically modified corn.
Italy followed suit in May.
Glickman said biotechnology provides a necessary tool for feeding the
growing number of people in the world in an environmentally sustainable
He knows from personal experience that biotechnology is an extremely
sensitive issue in Europe. "When I led the U.S. delegation to the World
Food Summit, protesters pelted me with genetically-engineered soybeans,
then took off all their clothes to draw the media's attention,"
He believes that biotechnology holds out hope for feeding the world's
hungry. "In subsaharan Africa, where hunger is most epidemic, it is
estimated that a doubling of the projected increase in grain yields
the next 10 years could cut the region's hungry by half - making a 25
percent dent in total world food aid needs. That is why, on the shores
Lake Victoria, you'll find Kenyan researchers developing maize seeds
have been genetically altered to resist a parasite that's cut corn
half for millions of African farmers."
America exports most of the genetically altered agricultural products
in the world today. Consumers in importing countries have been
segregation of bioaltered foods from standard varieties. Glickman says
U.S. is taking a firm position on this issue, "We will not tolerate
"We know that biotechnology holds out our greatest hope of dramatically
increasing yields, in harsh weather climates, using less water, less
pesticides, crops with more nutritional value, and without the
of fragile lands and forests," Glickman told the Council.
He insisted that "test after rigorous scientific test" has proven the
safety of bioaltered products. "We'll continue to insist on an
objective testing process that is independent from industry," the U.S.
Agriculture Secretary promised.
But many European consumers remain unconvinced. The Natural Law Party
the UK released a statement this spring outlining its objections to the
bioaltered foods now starting to appear in UK shops. "The genetic
now being made in our food are completely different to those resulting
traditional methods of breeding. Yet, the sale of these foods is being
permitted without proper assessment of the risks and without adequately
informing the public, even though many scientists say that genetically
modified foods could cause serious damage to health and the
the Natural Law Party statement said.
Among the concerns raised by opponents of bioaltered foods are new
and allergens in foods, increased, not decreased, use of chemicals on
crops, the creation of herbicide-resistant weeds, the spread of diseases
across species barriers, loss of bio-diversity in crops, and the
disturbance of ecological balance.
In the face of such objections, Glickman is adamant. "We will not be pushed
into allowing political science to govern these decisions. The stakes for
the world are simply too high," he told the Council.