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||OMRI Daily Digest - 21 September 1995 (mind)
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|+ - ||CET - 21 September 1995 (mind)
Thursday, 21 September 1995
Volume 2, Issue 183
**HUNGARY RECEIVES US TOP GUN**
US Secretary of Defense William Perry arrived in Budapest
yesterday for a two day visit that includes meetings with
Prime Minister Gyula Horn, President Arpad Goncz and Defense
Minister Gyorgy Keleti. Perry spoke to Hungarian military
officers last night at the Zrinyi Military Academy. He said
Hungary is meeting all of the basic criteria for joining the
NATO alliance. Perry said Hungary is setting an example for
other countries in the Partnership for Peace program. He said
nations that want to join NATO must meet five basic
requirements: upholding democracy, civilian control of the
military, a military that's compatible with NATO, good
relations with neighboring countries and a market economy.
Perry praised Hungary's recent austerity measures.
"I know that the austerity that comes along with market reform
is very difficult. But I believe that your government in
economic strategy is on the right track and I urge you to
continue on that track of market reform."
Perry said Hungary is also on track when it comes to regional
relations. The defense secretary praised joint military
exercises held by Hungarian and Romanian troops.
"Hungary is bending over backwards to be a good neighbor in the
Perry said NATO should draw up more specific criteria and a
time frame for expansion over the next year. But, he
emphasized, NATO will expand and Partnership for Peace is the
stepping stone to membership. --David Fink
**TALKING ABOUT TALKING**
Hungary said it's open to an historic reconciliation proposed
by Romanian President Ion Iliescu. But in making that
announcement yesterday, Hungarian Foreign Minister Laszlo
Kovacs also said the Romanian initiative appears to be a call
for a political statement rather than a binding agreement.
Iliescu suggested last month that the two central European
neighbors settle their differences like Germany and France did
after World War Two. Hungary and Romania broke off
negotiations in July on a bilateral treaty aimed at settling
the sensitive issue of minority rights for Romania's more than
1.6 million ethnic Hungarians. Kovacs said Hungary's position
hasn't changed since then. Hungary still insists that
international norms on minority rights be included in a basic
treaty between the two nations.
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|+ - ||OMRI Daily Digest - 21 September 1995 (mind)
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
No. 184, 21 September 1995
HUNGARY READY TO DISCUSS ILIESCU INITIATIVE. Hungarian Foreign Minister
Laszlo Kovacs on 20 September said Hungary was open to the historic
reconciliation proposed by Romanian President Ion Iliescu but added that
the initiative appeared to be more of a "political than of a binding
character," Reuters reported on 21 September. In July, Hungary and
Romania broke off negotiations on a bilateral treaty aimed at settling
the sensitive issue of minority rights for Romania's 1.7 million ethnic
Hungarians. Iliescu suggested last month that the two Central European
neighbors should cast aside decades of mutual suspicion and acrimony and
settle their differences, following Germany and France's example after
World War Two. -- Zsofia Szilagyi, OMRI, Inc.
IMF CRITICIZES HUNGARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY. Following two weeks of
negotiations with Hungarian officials, an IMF delegation has criticized
aspects of Hungarian economic policy, Magyar Hirlap reported on 21
September. The IMF was dissatisfied with the slow pace of the social
security reform and the type of privatization deals recently concluded.
But it approved of the government's economic plans for the next three
years and its proposals to reform the state budget. Although the
delegation also expressed approval of Hungary's stabilization program to
date, it did not suggest when the long-awaited credit agreement would be
signed. Talks between Hungary and the IMF will continue in Washington in
October. -- Zsofia Szilagyi, OMRI, Inc.
ETHNIC HUNGARIANS ON ILIESCU INITIATIVE. Bela Marko, chairman of the
Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania, has welcomed the initiative
by Romanian President Ion Iliescu for a "historic reconciliation" with
Hungary, Radio Bucharest reported on 20 September. Marko said, however,
that similar proposals and negotiations have yielded no concrete results
in the past. The issue of ethnic minorities, he added, requires a legal
solution, not just a "declaration of intentions." He also said that the
Romanian government's plan to appoint a member of the chauvinistic Party
of Romanian National Unity as a prefect of Mures County, where a large
Magyar minority lives, was "an unfriendly gesture, contrary to proposals
for reconciliation." -- Dan Ionescu, OMRI, Inc.
[As of 12:00 CET]
Compiled by Jan Cleave