The latest issue of the Kompass Environmental Newsletter, April 1995
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Mail*Link(r) SMTP ECODEFENSE 43 (kivonatok)
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"ECODEFENSE!inform"environmental inform-bulletin * Nr. 6 (43) *
................................................* MARCH 1995 *
ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISTS IN TURKEY ARE THREATENED BY JAIL
FOR 1,5-3 YEARS FOR NONVIOLENT DEMONSTRATIONS AGAINST
AUSTRALIAN TOXIC WASTE POLLUTES RUSSIAN ENVIRONMENT
ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISTS IN TURKEY ARE THREATENED BY JAIL FOR
1,5 - 3 YEARS FOR NONVIOLENT DEMONSTRATION AGAINST NUCLEAR
Members of GSM, Turkey, a memerorganization of Youth and Envi-
ronment Europe, Turkish Greens, and Greenpeace Mediterranean
are brought to trial because of an AntiNuclear action in Tur-
key at November 11, 1994. They are asked to be sentenced to
jail for this for 1.5-3 years! Green protests are very new for
the Turkish officials and as you might know, every opposition
is being attacked in Turkey. We have to show our solidarity
and we have to point out that European NGOs condemn this kind
of policy! The first part of the trial was at February 16,
where nothing was decided. The ne xt session will be on April
[...] There were 35 people who were arrested by the police
in this action.
Nothing happened that day, but later on the public prosecutors
has brought a su it against these people. We are asked to be sentenced bet-
ween 1.5-3 years because of standing against the laws regula-
ting demonstrations. However, suchactions (grren and non-vio-
lent) are so new for Turkish public. So we believe this action
can not be included within these laws.
AUSTRALIAN TOXIC WASTE POLLUTES RUSSIAN ENVIRONMENT
By Renfrey Clarke
#MOSCOW -- You've got a mountain of highly toxic industrial
waste, that can't be reprocessed at a profit. It can be kept
from contaminating the environment only if you're prepared to
foot a heavy bill. What do you do? #Easy -- you send it to
Russia! In fact, you can even make money on the deal, selling
the waste to people there who will reprocess it using cheap,
environmentally dangerous methods. If the purchasers break a
string of environmental protection laws in order to import the
residues, and if lethal heavy metals finish up dumped in gul-
lies in the southern Urals -- that's not your problem. #This,
at least, seems to have been the reasoning of the Australian
firm Pasminco, of Melbourne, which in August 1993 shipped ele-
ven container-loads of residues to St Petersburg. The 214-ton-
ne ``test consignment'' was purchased by the Russian firm Mo-
libden, which sent it first to Stavropol in southern Russia
for the extraction of cobalt, then to North Ossetia and the
southern Urals for the further extraction of cadmium, lead and
zinc. #In importing the residues, Molibden appears to have
broken Russian law by failing to secure the agreement of a se-
ries of environmental and health protection agencies. The
firm's actions caused a local scandal during 1994 in Stavro-
pol, where the district health inspectorate tried to have the
processing halted as a danger to the public. #Now the threat
has multiplied, as plans have been drawn up to turn the ``test
consignment'' into a regular traffic supplying a full-scale
industry. On February 20 this year, after months of collecting
evidence, the environmental organisation Greenpeace sounded
the alarm. #Greenpeace revealed that Molibden and the Stavro-
pol processor, the firm Luminofor, had obtained permission
from the Economy Ministry to import a further 1500 tonnes of
Australian wastes. This would be enough for a year's continu-
ous processing. Once again, the environmental organisation
charged, the materials were to be imported without obtaining
the necessary licence from the Ministry of Environmental Pro-
tection and Natural Resources. #``To find a Western firm ca-
pable of processing such residues would be virtually impossib-
le,'' a Greenpeace press release stated. ``This is an extreme-
ly costly procedure, almost impossible to carry out in envi-
ronmentally safe fashion.'' #The Luminofor plant in Stavropol,
meanwhile, is just about the last place where such an operati-
on should be attempted. ``This enterprise is already on the
list of the most serious environmental polluters in Russia,''
Greenpeace noted. As a result of Luminofor's activity, cadmium
levels in groundwater near the plant reportedly exceed the ma-
ximum permitted levels by 41,200 times. #According to Greenpe-
ace campaign coordinator Oganes Targulyan, the imports of in-
dustrial residues are being carried out in violation of the
Basle Convention, which Russia has ratified. ``In sending its
wastes to Russia, Australia has also breached the conventi-
on,'' Targulyan argued.
Mielott meg nagyon eltevednetek:
Haztartasi energia-arak: 1980: 100%
1994: 1366%, csak becsult, korai forras.
(ebben meg nincs benne a 95-os 50-70%-os emeles! ha azt belevesszuk, maris
2300% korul jarunk)
Ezt osszevetheted inflacioval, de meg lennek lepve, ha 2300% kozeleben lett
inflacio 80 ota. A fizetesekhez kepest ha nezzuk, akkor plane felmentek
Az inflaciot ellenorizzetek, de a fizeteseket is.
80-87 az inflacio es a berek is mentek 60%-ot. NEM OK.
88 13% ennel megint tobb volt a masik ketto. NEM OK.
89 12% ekkor mar 25% feletti volt az inf, a berek
legabb 20-al nottek NEM OK.
90 28% inf 32% beremeles 30% NEM OK.
91 81% valoban csak 35%-os volt az inflacio OK.
92 20% ejnye-bejnye mar megint tul keveset emeltek. NEM OK.
93 20% nocsak mar megint NEM OK.
94 70% most OK, de mar mennyi lemaradasuk volt!!!!
Masreszt nagyon gyanus, hogy a valasztasok utani evben merik csak emel-
ni. Minden esetre akar honnan szamoljuk is az energiaarak 93-94 -ig nem kovet-
tek se a bereket, se az inflaciot.