COULD YOU ASSIST UNEP IN ENSURING THAT THE ATTACHED INFORMATION
CONCERNING THE UPCOMING INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE PRESERVATION OF THE OZONE LAYER REACHES INTERESTED NGOS AND MEDIA IN YOUR
COUNTRY/REGION. THANKS IN ADVANCE FOR YOUR CONTINUED ASSISTANCE.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Ozone
Convention Secretariat invite the world community to observe on 16
September 1995 the first-ever International Day for the
Preservation of the Ozone Layer.
This day was designated by the UN General Assembly in 1994 to
commemorate the signing in 1987 of the Montreal Protocol on
Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Since then, much has been
accomplished due to the remarkable cooperation between Governments,
environmental groups and the industrial sector. More than 150
Governments have ratified the treaty so far. Production and
consumption of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and other ozone-depleting
substances (ODS) has been dramatically cut by nearly 70%. Recycling
of CFCs is widely practised. Moreover, ozone-safe technologies are
now available and used by a large number of industries. The
benefits of these national and international efforts are beginning
to become apparent: recent findings confirmed that the rate of
atmospheric build up of ODS has slowed substantially as a direct
result of the implementation of the Protocol. The atmospheric
content of methyl chloroform has also decreased. Health impacts
have already been averted in both industrialized and developing
However, the ozone layer is still fragile and the battle to protect
it can only be won with the continuous support of all segments of
society, including consumers. The International Ozone Day will
provide a unique opportunity to raise awareness on this urgent
issue. UNEP invites communities and NGOs to promote activities in
accordance with the objectives and goals of the Montreal Protocol.
A 20 minute video entitled "Saving the Ozone Layer: Every Action
Counts" can be provided on request by UNEP's Industry and
Environment Programme (UNEP IE) in Paris.
It is a crucial year for the Montreal Protocol. Industrialized
countries are expected to virtually eliminate the consumption of
ODS by the end of 1995. The treaty is also being reviewed for the
third time since its inception. A Working Group is negotiating
amendments to the Protocol which will be submitted to the next
Meeting of the Parties in Vienna, in early December 1995. More than
ever, nations must pull together to face the new challenges that
lie ahead and to ensure the permanent protection of the ozone
Szoval a szennyezesben mar sikerult lekoroznunk a kornyezo kozep-europai
orszagokat, de meg egesz kelet-europai viszonylatban is jol megalljuk a
Following are some highlights from the pre-publication draft of
Europe's Environment: the Dobris Assessment, commonly referred to as
the "Dobris Report."
Air. Out of 105 large European cities, the "most unfavorable
climatological conditions" exist in Paris, Budapest, Rome, Turin,
Lisbon, Porto, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Madrid, and Manchester. The
cities with the "most favorable climatological conditions" are
Toulouse, Dresden, Hannover, Stuttgart, Oslo, Kranodar, and Yarosavl.
Waste. Of 33 European countries monitored, the Russian Federation
generates the most waste (about 24 million tonnes/year) but the least
waste per capita (about 150 kg/year). Austria is the most wasteful
per capita, generating nearly 600 kg/year/person. Hungarians are the
seventh greatest producers of waste per capita (just under 450
kg/year) and Hungary ranks 13th in total waste produced (about 5
million tonnes/year). Moldovans are the most wasteful eastern
Europeans, generating about 450 kg/year each. (p. 347)
Five hundred pre-publication drafts of the Dobris Assessment were
printed for the UN Social Summit from 6 to 12 March in Copenhagen,
Denmark. The report was initially requested in June 1991 at Dobris
Castle in (then) Czechoslovakia.
European Environment Agency
Kongens Nytorv 6
DK-1050 Copenhagen K
Tel: (45) 188.8.131.52
Fax: (45) 184.108.40.206
The Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC) is seeking to hire a
consultant as Technical Project Manager to Conduct Technical Environmental
and Economic Analysis of Alternative Systems under the Polish National
Environmental Action Program Pilot Project
DESCRIPTION OF WORKSCOPE FOR TECHNICAL PROJECT MANAGER
ISC is a non-profit organization that promotes environmental protection,
sustainable economies, and participatory decision-making at the community
level in Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia through training, technical
assistance, and demonstration projects. ISC activities are supported by
private foundations, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the U.S.
Agency for International Development.
The National Environmental Action Program (NEAP) Pilot Project is a two-year
program to develop practical laboratories of environmental management and
sustainable economic strategies in two demonstration communities in Poland
(Radom and Elk). The NEAP Pilot Project is designed to demonstrate methods
for developing and implementing environmental priorities that both protect
the environment and stimulate the local economy. The Project is being
jointly implemented by the Institute for Sustainable Communities
(Montpelier, Vermont), the Institute for Sustainable Development (Warsaw,
Poland), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Funding is
provided by the USEPA and the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation.
The two-year project has three phases, including:
1. Setting environmental priorities based upon human health and ecological
risks, and public preferences;
2. Identifying and selecting environmental strategies that address the top
priority problems and preparing an environmental action plan; and,
3. Financing and implementing priority strategies.
Citizen committees, serving in an advisory capacity to the local government,
have been established in each community to complete Phases I and II. In
September and October 1995, these citizen committees will rank the
environmental problems in their communities and will subsequently identify
A multi-phased process is envisioned for selecting implementation
strategies. First, citizen committees will identify potential obstacles to
determine whether any insurmountable barriers exist to pursuing particular
strategies. Next, the committees will conduct a preliminary screening of
potential strategies based upon evaluation criteria. Finally, an analysis
of alternative systems will be conducted to provide a sufficient basis for
selecting top priority strategies
B. SCOPE OF WORK
ISC is seeking a U.S. consultant to provide assistance for Phase II of the
Project. The consultant's principle role will be to serve as the Technical
Project Manager. The consultant will work with U.S. and Polish experts to
conduct technical and economic analysis of alternative systems for
addressing the top priority environmental problem in each community. The
primary focus of the analyses will be on alternative technologies for
managing the selected environmental problems. System analysis will also
include associated economic incentives, regulatory measures, community
programs, and educational and public information programs necessary to
ensure that the system is effectively implemented.
Consultant's primary responsibilities will be to:
1. Serve as the Technical Project Manager. Consultant will have primary
responsibility for assuring the completion of the technical and economic
analysis of alternative systems for both communities. Consultant will be
expected to coordinate the expertise of U.S. technical experts, provided
primarily by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, to assure that their
expertise is brought to bear at critical junctures in the process.
Consultant will work closely and coordinate all activities with the Polish
Technical Project Coordinator who will serve as the technical advisor to the
citizen committees and the municipalities. Consultant will also be expected
to work closely with representatives of the citizen committees, and
municipal and public utility officials in both communities.
2. Undertake up to three trips to Poland, with each trip approximately ten
days in duration. Each trip will include a preliminary consultation with
ISC's Polish non-governmental organization partner, the Institute for
Sustainable Development (Warsaw), site visits to Radom and Elk, and
consultations with Polish experts, representatives from the U.S. Agency for
International Development, and other contacts as circumstances require.
After each trip, consultant is expected to prepare a brief trip report
summarizing key observations, problems encountered by the citizen
committees, and recommendations provided to the committees for addressing
3. Review and prepare comments on documents prepared by the citizen
committees, municipal and utility officials, and Polish experts in both
communities. These documents include the draft environmental action plan
prepared by the citizen committees and draft economic and technical analyses
conducted by Polish experts. Consultant will be expected to provide written
comments within two weeks after receiving the appropriate documents.
Consultant will also review the final plan and analyses and prepare a
qualitative assessment for ISC/USEPA.
4. Participate in relevant training activities in Poland and help prepare
training materials, as necessary, and provide written materials and
articles, as necessary, on methodologies and case studies pertaining to
5. Participate in at least one U.S. coordination and planning session.
ISC is seeking an individual with the following qualifications:
1. Minimum of five years experience in conducting analysis of alternative
systems, including a strong educational or experiential foundation in both
engineering and economic analyses;
2. Minimum of five years experience working with municipalities in
evaluating a range of municipal environmental infrastructure;
3. Experience working with non-government organizations and citizen groups,
4. Experience in working in Central and Eastern Europe, Newly Independent
States, and other international experience, strongly preferred.
D. TIME COMMITMENT, SCHEDULE, AND AVAILABLE FUNDING
Work performance period is anticipated to be from September 1995 - May 1996.
Total level of effort is anticipated to be 60 days, 30 days international
and 30 days domestic work. Available funding for this contract is in the
range of $20,000 - $25,000 plus expenses.
Send your resume and a cover letter summarizing your relevant experience by
September 1, 1995 to:
Paul Markowitz, Director
Community Planning and Implementation Program
Institute for Sustainable Communities
56 College St.
Montpelier, VT 05602 USA
p- (802) 229 2900; f - (802) 229 2919
Personal inquires are welcome.
Daniel von Moltke
Institute for Sustainable Communities
56 College Street
Montpelier, VT 05602