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1 OMRI Daily Digest - 26 April 1995 (mind)  38 sor     (cikkei)
2 CET - 26 April 1995 (mind)  238 sor     (cikkei)
3 NATO - Press Release (mind)  63 sor     (cikkei)
4 : Kormanyszovivoi tajekoztatorol (mind)  30 sor     (cikkei)

+ - OMRI Daily Digest - 26 April 1995 (mind) VÁLASZ  Feladó: (cikkei)

No. 82, 26 April 1995

Angel Martinez, president of the Council of Europe Parliamentary
Assembly, has caused widespread controversy in Romania. A Radio
Bucharest correspondent quoted Martinez as saying in Strasbourg on 24
April that the council's Recommendation 1201 on ethnic minority rights
should remain valid. Radio Bucharest described the statement as
"surprising" and said it contrasted with Martinez's earlier statements
that the recommendation lost its importance following the adoption of
the framework convention on ethnic minorities. Chamber of Deputies
Chairman and former Foreign Minister Adrian Nastase, in a lengthy press
release, suggested that Martinez was pressured into revising his views.
Romania opposes the inclusion of a reference to Recommendation 1201 in
its long-delayed basic treaty with Hungary. Meanwhile, Romanian and
Hungarian experts resumed negotiations on the treaty on 25 April. -- Dan
Ionescu, OMRI, Inc.

[As of 12:00 CET]

Compiled by Jan Cleave

A tovabbterjesztest a New York-i szekhelyu Magyar Emberi Jogok
Alapitvany tamogatja.

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Reposting is supported by Hungarian Human Rights Foundation News
and Information Service.

+ - CET - 26 April 1995 (mind) VÁLASZ  Feladó: (cikkei)

Wednesday, 26 April 1995
Volume 2, Issue 81


  Hungarian-American Congressman Tom Lantos was in Hungary this
  week meeting with Hungarian President Arpad Goncz and Prime
  Minister Gyula Horn.  Lantos met with Hungary's leaders to
  discuss bi-lateral issues, Hungary's hoped-for entry into NATO
  and the Hungarian Prime Minister's upcoming visit to the US.
  Lantos called Hungary a valuable strategic ally of the US and
  said he'd personally push for Hungarian membership in the

  "For the US, Hungary is an island of important stability in a
  very important part of the world."

  The Congessman also met with ministers of finance, trade and
  privatization and Hungary's national bank president.  Lantos
  said he commends Hungary's newly adopted austerity program,
  adding that while it may cause economic hardship now, it's a
  painful process which is long overdue.  Lantos added that
  he'll try and persuade the IMF and the World Bank to be more
  forthcoming with Hungary.  Lantos will also visit the Czech
  Republic and Slovakia on his Central European trip. --Liane


  Hungary's CIB Broker hopes to raise some $4.38 million and
  possibly as much as $15 million by offering one-year bonds
  with an annual 30 percent coupon to the public.  CIB's
  President Gyorgy Zbedorsky said the move is to diversify the
  company's resources.  The broker has serviced other banks and
  multinational companies, but now CIB is turning toward the
  people.  The subscription period will run from May 2 to May
  15.  Zbedorsky said, interest payment and principal repayment
  is due on maturity in one installment.  There'll be no listing
  of the bond on the Budapest Stock Exchange, however, bid and
  ask prices will be quoted by CIB offices and New York Broker.


  By Nancy Marshall

  Hungary's austerity program, devised by Finance Minister Lajos
  Bokros, looks good on paper, but will it actually work?

  The plan calls for a 25 to 29 percent devaluation in the forint
  this year and an 8 percent surcharge on imports.  It also
  eases rules on hard currency accounts, cracks down on
  Hungary's vast grey economy and calls for public expenditure
  cuts.  Those still have to be approved by the Hungarian
  Parliament, which may be getting cold feet.  Large segments of
  the Hungarian public are also skeptical.  There have been
  demonstrations against the plan's proposed cuts in social
  spending by students and public employees.  According to Delia
  Meth-Cohn, business editor at Business Central Europe
  magazine, Bokros's plan assumes Hungarians are going to react
  in a certain way to the austerity plan, for example, that
  they'll spend less on products from overseas because of the
  import tax and save more of their money.  Meth-Cohn said just
  the opposite could happen.

  "The other possiblity will be that people continue to buy
  imported goods and that will increase inflation because the
  prices are much more expensive.  Purchasing power for other
  goods goes down because there's a drop in domestic demand,
  businesses don't invest so much.  It could have exactly the
  opposite effect than what they're striving for."

  Another potential roadblock to the austerity plan is how the 8
  percent surcharge on imports will affect business in Hungary.
  The extra tariff could distort trade, reduce domestic
  competitiveness and cause higher inflation.  Finally, there's
  the question of whether Hungarian exporters will be able to
  make use of the breather they've been given with the import
  surcharge and devaluation of the forint.  Some analysts have
  said the problem with Hungarian exports isn't an overvalued
  forint or excessive foreign competition, but poor quality or
  packaging.  Others have argued that exporters are already
  producing at full capacity and aren't able to ship more goods
  overseas regardless of what Finance Minister Bokros does.
  Still, Meth-Cohn sees a bright side.

  "What is positive is that the business community as a whole,
  even those who are badly affected by the changes, particularly
  importers, still seem to be in favor of the move, just because
  Bokros is trying to resolve the situation.  So there's a
  general acceptance of the motives behind this."

  Meth-Cohn added that the austerity plan is also helped along by
  support, at least for now, from Prime Minister Gyula Horn.


  By Duncan Shiels

  The British Ambassador to Hungary, Sir John Birch, is due to
  return to London next month after six years in his post.  In
  CET's final interview with the Ambassador, he evaluates
  current Hungarian President Arpad Goncz and the man who was
  Prime Minister from 1990 until his death in December of 1993,
  Jozsef Antall.   Sir John remembers a conversation with Goncz
  just after the election in 1990 when it was still not clear
  whom Parliament would elect as the country's president.

  Sir John:  At that time another name was the front runner, and
  he said to me, "By the way, I'm going to be President" and I
  said, "I don't think you are, I think someone else is!", and
  he said, "No, no.  It's been arranged", well not "arranged",
  but he said, "I think I'm going to be the President".  And
  then one day when I saw him, and it was clear that he was
  going to be President, I said, "Well that means next week
  you're going to be host to the Prince and Princess of Wales."
  And he looked absolutely astonished and said, "My goodness!
  But  I don't know how to talk to a Prince!  Whatever am I
  going to do?"  And I said, "Well, I don't really know either,
  but perhaps together we'll get through it."  And I think we
  did just manage it!  And I think he'd been in office then for
  two days, and I said, "What's it like?" and he said, "Well, I
  never dreamed I'd be sitting in that office one day.  It's
  very hard work.  I got in in the morning at six o' clock and
  I'd been there till five and I was just about, yesterday on my
  first day, to leave, but I could see there were some papers on
  the desk and I said to my secretary 'What are all those?
  Should I sign them?'.  And he said, 'No, it's all right.'
  'But what are they about?'"  And his secretary said , 'Well
  one is an appeal for clemency by a man, a gypsy, who's due to
  be hanged in a week's time'"  And Arpad Goncz said to me, "I
  couldn't go home.  I sat down and I looked at the papers and I
  signed the clemency because I don't believe in capital
  punishment and having been in prison myself I couldn't bear to
  let a man wait a minute longer than was necessary to know his
  fate."  And immediately I warmed.  I thought, well, this is a
  man of real humanity who will serve Hungary well."

  CET:  How do you judge Jozsef Antall as a Prime Minister?

  Sir John:  Well,  I think that he was, in a way rather sadly, he
  was more revered in his death than in his life.  He had a
  great view of, a good view of European history and what he saw
  as Hungary's destiny, and I think actually that history will
  probably be kinder to him than contemporary opinion.  The
  people that formed his government had been denied a political
  role for 40 years and so he had to draw on people who had no
  direct experience of running a government machine.  I liked
  him, but there was a sort of professonial aloofness.  But that
  was his way.  I mean he gave his life for Hungary, there's no
  doubt about that.  He literally worked himself to death. He
  worked so hard that maybe he didn't see what was happening
  around him.

  CET:  We've talked about the dissidents against Communism in the
  early 80s.  We now have a government in which the most extreme
  of the dissidents are now coalescing with the former
  communists.  How do you view that?

  Sir John:  Well, it's one of the anomalies of the past.  I think
  both have changed, the people from the former party.  And I
  think people do change their views in their political life.
  They change their minds, anyway.  How deeply they change their
  mentality is less certain.

  CET:  So you're fairly sceptical that they can live together for
  too long?

  Sir John:  Well I'm not.  No, I think that they have a common
  interest and it's a common interest of trying to bring Hungary
  forward.  I know there are difficulties.  It's not perhaps a
  marriage made in heaven, but it's more than a marriage of
  conveneince and I'm reasonably hopeful that it'll work.


* CET On-Line is Copyright (c) 1995 Word Up! Inc., New Media
  Group, all rights reserved.  Not-for-profit redistribution of
  CET On-Line in electronic format is allowed only if the
  copyright notice, and all other copyright and by-line
  information contained in this publication is included.
  For-profit distribution of this publication or the information
  contained herein is strictly prohibited without the express
  written permission of Word Up! Inc., New Media Group.  These
  conditions are subject to change without notice.  For further
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* All "Letters to the Editor" and other comments about
  editorial content should be directed to Nancy Marshall at
  >.  Any comments about distribution or
  production should be directed to Cameron M. Hewes at

**CET On-Line** is a Word Up! Inc., New Media Group
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  Financial Monitor on-line.  For more information on the Prague
  FM, send a message with the word INFO in the body of a message
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**Subscription Information**
  CET On-Line is a free e-publication.  Subscribe by sending a
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A tovabbterjesztest a New York-i szekhelyu Magyar Emberi Jogok
Alapitvany tamogatja.

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Reposting is supported by Hungarian Human Rights Foundation News
and Information Service.

+ - NATO - Press Release (mind) VÁLASZ  Feladó: (cikkei)

Press Release (95)34                    25 April 1995

Civil Emergency Planning Workshop with Cooperation
Partners in Budapest 8-10 May, 1995

Hungary will host a Partnership for Peace (PfP) workshop
on Legislation and Civil Aspects of Crisis Management, in
Budapest 8-10 May 1995. This event is an Hungarian PfP
priority for 1995 and is the first Civil Emergency
Planning (CEP) workshop to be conducted
as part of an approved Individual Partnership Programme.

The President of the National Defence Committee of the
Hungarian Parliament, Mr. Imre Mecs will open the workshop
and Mr. Gabor Kuncze, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister
of Interior, will give the opening address.  Ambassador
John Anderson,  Canada's Permanent Representative to NATO,
will deliver the Keynote address. The workshop will be
chaired by the NATO Assistant Secretary General
for Infrastructure, Logistics and Civil Emergency
Planning, Mr. Herpert van Foreest.

Some 100 civil and military representatives  are expected
to take part in the plenary and working group sessions.
Eight Cooperation Partner nations and seven NATO nations
have been invited to provide presentations.  Participants
will exchange information and experiences about emergency
legislation and civil aspects of crisis management.
Models aimed at  promoting civil and democratic
control of government organizations and institutions in an
emergency and protection of the population in an emergency
will be discussed and examined.


NATO cooperation programmes in civil emergency planning
focus primarily on activities that contribute to
legislation and civil aspects of crisis management;
disaster prevention and disaster management;
humanitarian assistance and the exchange of information.

This workshop is supported by the NATO Division for
Infrastructure, Logistics and Civil Emergency Planning and
the Hungarian Ministry of Interior. Journalists wishing
more information on this workshop should contact  the
Civil Emergency Planning Directorate, tel: int'l-32-
2-728 41 39.

A tovabbterjesztest a New York-i szekhelyu Magyar Emberi Jogok
Alapitvany tamogatja.

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Reposting is supported by Hungarian Human Rights Foundation News
and Information Service.

+ - : Kormanyszovivoi tajekoztatorol (mind) VÁLASZ  Feladó: (cikkei)

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