PRESS COMMUNIQUE M-NACC-2(94)121 For Immediate Release
2nd December 1994
WORK PLAN FOR DIALOGUE, PARTNERSHIP
AND COOPERATION 1994/1995
Issued at the meeting of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council
held at NATO Headquarters, Brussels,
on 2nd December 1994
The Foreign Ministers and Representatives of the
member countries of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council, with
the participation of observer countries, have agreed to the
following revision of the Work Plan for 1994 which will also be
valid for 1995. It builds on the foundations and principles of
dialogue, partnership and cooperation already established, in
particular at the Rome Summit in November 1991, the Brussels
Summit in January 1994 and NACC Ministerial meetings.
Partnership for Peace (PfP) topics and activities to be conducted
in the NACC framework are, in accordance with the rules and
procedures set out in the PfP Framework Document and other
relevant PfP documents, subject to further consideration in that
POLITICAL AND SECURITY RELATED MATTERS
01 Specific political and security related matters, including
regional security issues;
02 Conceptual approaches to arms control, disarmament and
non-proliferation, including the security of new non-nuclear
weapon states and the general problems of security related
to nuclear issues;
03 Strengthening the consultative and cooperation process;
04 Practical cooperation with CSCE on security issues.
01 Consultations at Ambassadorial level, including on specific
issues in brainstorming format;
02 Regular and, as events dictate, ad hoc consultations of the
Political Committee with cooperation partners, including as
appropriate with experts;
03 Early consultations, particularly on regional tensions with
potential to grow into crisis;
04 Informal political consultations between NATO and
individual partner countries, as appropriate;
05 Meetings of Regional Experts Group with experts from
partner countries once a year;
06 Briefing of cooperation partners, including at the partner's
request when possible, on decisions taken by the North
Atlantic Council and other important developments in the
Alliance having direct bearing on security and stability;
07 Continuation of seminars and experts meetings with CFE
cooperation partners on implementation of the CFE treaty;
08 Building on current programme of joint multilateral
inspection teams and joint inspector/escort training for CFE
cooperation partners, including a CFE Course for
verification teams' inspectors to be held in the Schooling
Centre in Komorni Hradek;
09 Continuation of support to CFE cooperation partners in
connecting to and in utilising VERITY.
POLICY PLANNING CONSULTATIONS
01 Mid- and long-term foreign and security policy issues.
01 A meeting of NATO's Atlantic Policy Advisory Group with
cooperation partners in 1995 in Slovakia.
A. DEFENCE CONVERSION (INCLUDING ITS HUMAN
01 Conversion and social stability; integration into the
economy of the manpower potential used in the military and
the armaments industry;
02 Economic aspects pertaining to restructuring armaments
production sites and military garrisons and to privatisation
03 Conversion experiences (in particular in the field of
armaments production) and conversion planning.
01 Continued development by the Economic Directorate of the
database on technical expertise in defence conversion with
a view to its practical use in cooperation partner
02 Development of defence conversion pilot projects supported
by nations with a view to promoting cooperation between
industries of Allied and cooperation partner countries;
03 Organization of workshops on practical defence conversion
activities, with particular focus on problems encountered in
restructuring major armaments production centres and
military installations, with participation of local business
administrations and of defence industries (in 1995 to be
held in a cooperation partner country);
04 Enlarged Economic Committee meetings, as agreed, on
topics related to defence conversion, including a meeting
with the Industrial Planning Committee to discuss relevant
issues related to defence conversion.
B. SECURITY ASPECTS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
01 Economic and ecological consequences of defence-related
02 Economic and ecological consequences of nuclear
03 Economic aspects of migration and refugees affecting
security and stability;
04 Consequences of the implementation of UN mandated
economic sanctions on socio-economic aspects of regional
01 Workshops/reinforced meetings on the above themes;
02 Economic Committee with cooperation partners seminar on
impact and human consequences of defence-related
environmental degradation and on economic and ecological
aspects of nuclear disarmament supported, as necessary,
by Science/CCMS Committees' Experts.
03 NATO Economics annual Colloquium to be organised by the
Economics Directorate on "Status of Economic Reforms in
Cooperation Partner Countries in the mid-1990s:
Opportunities, Constraints, Security Implications."
C. DEFENCE EXPENDITURES/DEFENCE BUDGETS AND
THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH THE ECONOMY
01 Interrelationship between defence expenditures/budgets and
01 Seminar on Legislative Oversight of National Defence
Budgets to be held in an Allied country;
02 Enlarged Economic Committee meetings, as agreed, on the
economic aspects of topics related to defence
01 Participation of cooperation partner scientists in NATO
science programmes giving emphasis to priority areas of
interest to NATO and cooperation partners;
02 Ways and means of enhancing the output of scientific
01 Meeting of the Science Committee with counterparts from
cooperation partner countries at least once a year,
including holding the 1995 regular annual meeting of the
NATO Science Committee with cooperation partners in
02 Participation of scientists from cooperation partner
countries in Advanced Study Institutes (ASI) and Advanced
Research Workshops (ARW) as well as the holding of such
meetings in cooperation partner countries;
03 Participation of scientists from cooperation partner
countries in the Collaborative Research Grants, Linkage
Grants and Science Fellowships;
04 Sending proceedings, in hardcopy or computerized format,
of NATO's scientific meetings to a central library in each
cooperation partner country and disseminating other
literature on the Science programme to scientists in
cooperation partner countries;
05 Sponsoring visits of experts to cooperation partner
demonstration projects and providing other assistance in
initiating such projects;
06 Sponsoring visits of experts from cooperation partner
countries invited by project directors in NATO member
07 Assisting cooperation partners through the use of NATO's
network of referees and experts;
08 Examining how computer networks can facilitate contacts
and promote more effective cooperation among scientists
through the use of Networking Infrastructure Grants and
Networking Supplements to Linkage Grants;
CHALLENGES OF MODERN SOCIETY (CCMS)
01 Defence-related and disarmament-related environmental
02 Pilot studies of interest to cooperation partners;
01 Meeting of the Committee on the Challenges of Modern
Society with counterparts from cooperation partner countries
at least once a year;
02 Participation of cooperation partners' experts in pilot
study meetings, workshops, conferences, seminars, and
holding pilot study meetings in cooperation partner
03 Dissemination of information on CCMS pilot studies,
workshops, conferences and seminars, as well as approved
reports to cooperation partners;
04 On-going pilot study topics to be pursued as agreed;
05 Active consideration of new pilot study proposals made by
either NATO or cooperation partner countries;
01 Contribution to increased understanding of NATO and its
policies and to a more informed debate on security matters;
02 Exploration of members' expectations including public
expectations of the information programme;
03 Dissemination of information by electronic means.
01 Meetings of the Committee on Information and Cultural
Relations (CICR) with cooperation partners;
02 Information about NATO and its policies will be made
available to target audiences in cooperation partner
countries, including selected institutions and
organizations, inter alia through embassies of NATO member
countries serving as contact points and other diplomatic
03 Continue and further intensify information-related
cooperation with institutions established by cooperation
partner countries interested and able to provide the
necessary facilities, support personnel and services;
04 Support the establishment of new NATO-related Information
Centres by cooperation partner countries within the context
of available resources;
05 Visits to NATO by target groups;
06 Sponsorship of a number of experts from cooperation
partner countries to attend security-related seminars in
07 Co-sponsorship with cooperation partners of
seminars/workshops in cooperation partner countries;
08 Presentations by NATO speakers in cooperation partner
09 Democratic Institutions Fellowships (individual and
10 Increased dissemination of NATO documentation and
information materials in languages of cooperation partners.
PFP Topics and Activities
01 Co-operation in Peacekeeping (Conceptual, Planning and
Operational) within the framework of PMSC Ad Hoc Group
on Co-operation in Peacekeeping
01 Development of a common understanding of operational
concepts and requirements for peacekeeping:
-- to exchange views on concepts, terminology and
national doctrines on peacekeeping, within the
-- to hold a seminar on legal aspects of peacekeeping
in Spring 1995;
-- to broaden and deepen contacts and cooperation
with the United Nations and CSCE on peacekeeping
issues, and to encourage exchanges of information
on this subject with other concerned bodies, such as
the European Commission, and the Western
-- civil-military interface: to be taken forward as an
aspect of work on humanitarian aspects of
-- public relations: a seminar to be held during 1995.
02 Cooperation in planning for peacekeeping activities:
-- command and control: discussion in the Technical
Sub-Group (TSG), reinforced by experts;
-- cooperation in planning: further work to await
developments in other fora;
-- identification of assets: further work in the TSG at
this stage needs to await further development of the
UN standby arrangements.
03 Development of a common technical basis in peacekeeping:
-- communications: support for expert group work to
develop a concept of communications and a
feasibility study for a communications database;
-- equipment implications: possible expert-level
discussions of equipment requirements, including
critical interoperability issues;
04 Peacekeeping training, education, and exercises:
-- support for expert group work on peacekeeping
-- consideration by TSG of PfP/NACC joint exercise
after-action reports, and of similar reports offered by
nations concerning relevant bilateral and multilateral
exercises conducted in the spirit of PfP;
-- consolidation and analysis of lessons learned in all
PfP related peacekeeping exercises.
05 Logistics aspects of peacekeeping:
-- update the Compendium of Lessons Learned, based
on national inputs;
-- briefings on the UN peacekeeping logistics manual
and the new SHAPE logistics course.
DEFENCE PLANNING ISSUES AND MILITARY MATTERS
01 Air defence related matters, for aspects related to NACC.
01 Enlarged NADC sessions to consult on air defence aspects
of agreed mutual interest.
PFP Topics and Activities
01 Defence planning and budgeting;
02 Defence policy/strategy/military doctrine;
03 The structure, organisation and roles of Defence Ministries;
04 The structure and organisation of the armed forces
including command structure;
05 Reserve forces and mobilisation;
06 Personnel issues;
07 Democratic control over the armed forces and promotion of
civil-military relations in a democratic society;
08 Legal framework for military forces;
09 Education and training:
-- Language training.
-- Military education and training.
-- Training for crisis management.
-- Training on radio frequency management.
-- Training for environmental issues.
10 Planning, organisation and management of national defence
-- Governmental organisation for defence equipment
-- Defence procurement planning systems and project
-- Contracting procedures and methods.
11 Command and control systems and procedures, including
communications and information systems and
12 Air Defence related matters:
-- Air Defence concepts and terminology.
-- Air emergency and cross-border air movements.
-- Air Defence training concepts.
13 Standardisation and interoperability:
-- Material and technical aspects of standardisation and
-- Procedures and in-service equipment in
peacekeeping, search and rescue, humanitarian and
other agreed exercises and operations.
-- Military medicine.
14 Logistic issues, in particular logistics aspects of
15 Crisis management.
16 Exercises in peacekeeping, search and rescue,
humanitarian operations, other exercises and related
17 Co-operation in the field of Arms Control and Disarmament.
18 Aerospace Research and Development.
19 Radio Spectrum Management.
20 Co-ordination of PfP Military activities.
01 PfP exercises:
The overall goal of training and exercises between NATO
and Partners is to develop co-operative military relations
order to strengthen the ability to carry out combined
missions in the field of Peacekeeping.
Peacekeeping activities may include a range of exercises,
such as Map Exercises, Staff Exercises, Field Training
Exercises, Command Post Exercises, Communications
Exercises and Logistic Exercises. Similar exercises should
be organised in other fields such as Search and Rescue,
Humanitarian Operations, and other areas as may
subsequently be agreed.
Exercises will be preceded as necessary by seminars, study
periods and workshops to ensure maximum training benefit
from the exercise itself. Exercises represent the capstone
of a comprehensive programme and will be the final
highlight to evaluate training and interoperability in an
The following exercises are proposed for 1995:
L1 CENTRAL ECLECTIC - A CPX to form HQs and
conduct peacekeeping operations based on outcome
of workshop (btn level exercise) scheduled for 16th-
20th October on Partner Territory.
L2 LANDEX - FTX exercise peacekeeping and
humanitarian aid operations at platoon level, on
L3 COOPERATIVE BRIDGE 95 - a CPX/FTX for training
and exercising of selected basic military
peacekeeping skills and staff procedures at
individual, platoon and company level for a limited
number of NATO/PFP contingents participating in a
NATO led, regimental/brigade sized task force, 18th-
30th June, on Partner Territory.
L4 LANDEX (ESPERIA 1995) - land-based exercise
dealing with peacekeeping operations enhancing
military interoperability, company/platoon level, May
1995, Tor Di Nebbia Range Southern Italy.
(Requires further co-ordination with MNCs).
L5 A possible land-based exercise in continental US is
under study with a potential for SACLANT
M1 2 to 3 day NATO/PfP seminar-type logistic exercise
(Co-operative Support 1995 - COSUP 1995) to be
planned and conducted by SACLANT, preferably
prior to the first 1995 PfP maritime livex. Locations
to be determined.
M2 Naval Exercise in North Norwegian waters, Barents
Sea, under the responsibility of SACLANT probably
in Spring/Summer 1995.
M3 MAREX - a live exercise featuring basic training and
exercise of maritime surface and maritime air forces
in peacekeeping scenario, September, in the Baltic.
M4 MAREX - live exercise to exercise maritime embargo
operations in addition to a demonstration of Non-
combatant Evacuation Operation (NEO) could be
provided, Black Sea.
M5 MAREX - Standing Naval Forces Mediterranean
(SNFM) exercise SAR procedures and train for
Passing Exercises (PASSEXs) during port visit.
M6 MAREX (CLASSICA 1995) - an air/maritime exercise
dealing with peacekeeping operations including
assistance, search and rescue at sea, embargo, in
June/July 1995, Central East Mediterranean Sea
(requires further co-ordination with MNCs).
O1 PCM 1995 - a Crisis Management Exercise (CMX)
highlighting briefings and discussion of Crisis
Management practices and experience, as well as
consultations on a hypothetical conflict affecting
NACC and PfP Countries and Allies, 25th-27th
October, at NATO HQ.
O2 CPX A - a Command Post Exercise (CPX) to
exercise staffs in NATO procedures for decision
making process on military action in a peacekeeping
O3 SHAPEX - a conference to determine the range of
missions implied by peace support operations and
identify the most effective political and military
contribution by NATO and PfP nations.
O4 PFP Exercise - a conference/workshop to familiarise
with exercise programming and planning process and
coordinate ACE PWP exercise activities for
1996/1997, in close coordination with the PCC.
O5 Invitation to NAC Sea Day.
O6 BALTAP PfP EXERCISE: PfP peacekeeping exercise
6-12 October 1995, involving land, maritime and air
forces. Zealand group of Islands, Denmark.
(Requires further coordination with MNC's.)
O7 Other exercises and related activities: on a case-by-
case basis, appropriate phases of a number of
exercises within the existing NATO programme may
be opened to PfP partners; proposals in this regard
have been forwarded by the NMAs and are under
consideration by the NATO political authorities.
02 Examples of national exercises under PfP
-- In the course of 1995, SAR exercise with active
participation of one or two PfP Partners and/or
completed by observers programme accessible to
other Allies and Partners conducted in Belgium.
-- Invitation of PfP observers and/or participants during
the training on BELBAT for deployment in former
Yugoslavia. The exercise lasts + 1 week (3 times a
year). A + 3 days visit + presentations to be set up
for observers by the Army Personnel Division.
-- Invitation of PfP observers to training of BRITBAT for
deployment in former Yugoslavia and PfP participants
in UK UNMO courses.
-- Romanian multinational PfP FTX "CONFIDENCE
1995", to be conducted on Romanian territory with
the participation of subunits (platoon level) from
NATO and Partner Nations and observers
(September 1995). To enhance the interoperability
and the capability of acting in common in the
framework of PSOs.
-- Romanian multinational maritime PfP exercise
"BLACK SEA 1995". To be held in the Romanian
territorial sea adjacent to MANGALIA harbor; June
1995; each participating state with a vessel
(NATO/Partner nations). To establish compatible and
viable forms of co-operation regarding the main naval
operations in the field of P,H,SAR; observer
-- Bulgarian multinational PfP maritime exercise, 1995,
in the Black Sea.
03 Examples of national exercises within the spirit of PfP
-- BALTOPS 1995 (phase 1): US invitational maritime
exercises in June. Exercise purpose is to enhance
navy-to-navy contacts, co-operation, and
interoperability with northern european allies and
eastern european Baltic Sea littoral states.
include seamanship and small boat operations,
underway replenishment, personnel exchanges,
manoeuvring, SAR demonstrations, medical
exchanges, and at-sea rendezvous.
-- Quarterly Black Sea Passex: Maritime exercise with
navies of US, Romania and Bulgaria. Three are
envisioned. Activities include port calls, seamanship
and manoeuvring, and SAR practice.
-- US/Ukraine Peacekeeping Exercise: Bilateral
command post exercise in the Ukraine, with brigade
and below staffs as well as a company size unit from
both nations in the field. Planned for April-May 1995,
the exercise will involve approximately 200-250
personnel per nation.
-- Medical Exercises Central and Eastern Europe
(MEDCEUR): Planned for US, Albania and Bulgaria
in the first and second quarters of CY 1995. These
events provide joint medical and civic action
assistance to host-nation military and civilian medical
personnel. Activities include mass casualty,
evacuation, and emergency medicine training and
techniques, as well as medical, dental, and
immunisation treatment at local facilities.
-- Romanian Tactical River Exercise "DANUBE 1995"
(August 1995). Each participating state
(NATO/Partner Nations) with 1 river vessel. To
improve co-operation for river operations in the field
of P,H,SAR and/or embargo monitoring.
Accommodation for observers (on-shore).
04 Other military activities, including:
-- Courses at the NATO Defence College; Rome;
-- Courses at the NATO School (SHAPE);
-- NATO Training Group Courses;
-- Various other courses at different locations;
-- Military Agency for Standardisation (MAS) Working
-- Activities of the Advisory Group for Aerospace and
Development (AGARD), subject to political approval.
05 Specific co-operation activities in the field of defence
procurement and standardisation will be taken forward
under the auspices of the Conference of National
Armaments Directors (CNAD) with the aim of:
-- Promoting transparency in defence planning and
-- Supporting joint planning, training and exercises in
the fields of peacekeeping, search and rescue and
-- Development, over the longer term, of interoperability
of NATO and Partner armed forces
These activities will include multinational expert teams,
technical workshops, seminars/symposia and special
meetings of expert groups.
06 Specific co-operation activities to be developed under the
direction of the Senior NATO Logistics Conference (SNLC)
in the field of logistics (concepts and procedures),
including meetings, courses and exchanges of information
and experience between logistic experts.
07 Under the auspices of the NATO Communications and
Information System Committee (NACISC) specific activities
will aim at promoting common understanding of concepts,
policy and planning, and co-operation to improve
interoperability in the Communication and Information
Systems (CIS) area. These activities will consist of joint
meetings, workshops, seminars and expert talks.
08 Under the aegis of the NATO Air Defence Committee
(NADC), specific co-operation activities will endeavour to
address the common understanding of air defence concepts
and philosophy in broad terms as well as air defence
planning aspects in general. These activities will consist
of one or two workshops, possibly a seminar and group of
09 The NATO Economic Committee to organise an activity
aimed at promoting transparency of defence
budgets/expenditures, possibly involving procedures for
economic analyses of defence expenditures data.
CIVIL EMERGENCY PLANNING - HUMANITARIAN
01 Organisation, role and function of Civil Emergency Planning
in preventing and responding to emergencies and disasters,
and aim, principles and procedures of civil-military
cooperation in pre-disaster preparedness arrangements and
in responding to emergencies and disasters;
01 Enlarged meetings of the SCEPC to exchange information
and experience on the organisation, role and function of
CEP in disaster prevention and disaster response, including
PFP Topics and Activities
01 Civil Emergency Preparedness.
01 Exchange of information and expertise to assist in the
development of civil emergency preparedness including
legislation and civil aspects of crisis management, disaster
prevention and disaster management and humanitarian
02 Under the authority of the Senior Civil Emergency Planning
Committee, activities will consist of meetings, seminars,
courses and exchanges of information and experiences.
AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
01 Civil military co-ordination of air traffic management;
01 Enlarged CEAC Plenary sessions and, as required,
subordinate group meetings to improve civil/military co-
ordination of the principles and practice of air traffic
PFP Topics and Activities
01 Air traffic management/control:
-- Civil-military airspace coordination.
-- Multinational air exercise planning.
01 Under the supervision of the Committee for European
Airspace Co-ordination (CEAC), a seminar, a workshop and
joint experts meetings will address the challenges to the
civil and military co-ordination of air traffic management,
possible technical collaborations and the means to promote
further NATO/PfP compatibility in this field, including
LIST OF SPECIFIC ITEMS SUBSUMED UNDER
AGREED TOPICS AND ACTIVITIES
The Annex is complementary to the Work Plan and
contains a list of specific and detailed proposals of particular
interest to one or several partners or Allies. These are an
elaboration of some general topics and activities included in the
Work Plan for the attention by relevant fora. The Annex is not
intended to be exhaustive or comprehensive. It is understood
that these proposals will be carried out in harmony with the
ongoing work in other fora, including in the CSCE and the Council
POLITICAL AND SECURITY RELATED MATTERS
01 Possible sub-topics could include: "Conflicts and issues
arising from ethnic and minority problems affecting security
in a changing Europe".
A. DEFENCE CONVERSION (INCLUDING ITS HUMAN
01 Sub-topic might include: "Problem of the human factor in the
defence conversion process in regions endangered by
02 Possible topics for discussion at the enlarged Economic
Committee might be:
-- internal migration from Defence to other sectors of the
-- intellectual property rights in connection with
industry restructuring and defence conversion;
03 Possible topics for workshops/seminars on defence
conversion might be:
-- International seminar on "Demilitarization &
Disarmament in Transition: Socio-Economic
Consequences", Minsk, February 1995; Principal
sponsor in Belarus: Ministry of Economy;
-- International seminar on "Defence Conversion in East-
European Countries: Problems & Prospects", Minsk,
1995; Principal sponsor in Belarus: Ministry of
-- Symposium on the possibilities of harmonizing
conversion strategies to be held in Budapest, Hungary,
in the second half of 1995.
-- Seminar on partnership experiences of conversion, to
be held in 1995 in Poland.
04 Possible subjects include:
-- Exchange of experiences in conversion of factories and
scientific centres of Defence Industrial Base (DIB);
-- Meeting of experts for exchange of views and working
out proposals on conversion.
01 Possible themes for future discussion under priority areas
of the Science Committee might be:
-- disarmament technologies: scientific problems related
to disarmament technologies including the disposal of
nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and defence
-- environmental security: scientific problems related to
the environment including the reclamation of
contaminated military sites, regional environmental
problems and natural and man-made disasters;
-- high technology: scientific problems related to high
technology including information science, materials
science, biotechnology and energy conservation and
-- science and technology policy: problems related to
human resources including science policy, technology
transfer, innovation, management, intellectual property
rights and career mobility (e.g. the redeployment of
-- computer networking: strategies to enhance the
scientific dialogue between NATO countries and
cooperation partner countries using computer
02 Possible topics for ASI and ARW meetings might include:
-- International seminar on "Role of International
Scientific & Technical Cooperation in Supporting the
Development of Science in Medium & Small-Size
European Countries", Minsk, 1995; Principal sponsor in
Belarus: Ministry of Education & Science.
CHALLENGES OF MODERN SOCIETY (CCMS)
01 Pilot study topics to be pursued include:
- Environmental aspects of reusing former military lands
- Protecting civil populations from toxic material spills
during movements of military goods
- Cross-border environmental problems emanating from
defence-related installations and activities
- Defence environmental expectations
- Management of industrial toxic wastes and substance
- Air pollution transport and diffusion over coastal
- Deprived urban areas
- Evaluation of demonstrated and emerging remedial
action Technologies for the treatment of contaminated
land and groundwater
- Indoor air quality (Phase II)
- Methodology, focalization, evaluation and scope of the
environmental impact assessment
- New agricultural technologies
- Pollution prevention strategies for sustainable
- Use of simulators as a means of reducing
environmental damage caused by military activities
02 Possible new pilot study topics include the following:
-- Seismic protection of installations that are high risk
as sources of radioactive, chemical and bacteriological
contamination as a result of fires, floods, explosions
-- Seismic protection of buildings and installations
supporting vital services such as medical, water, and
energy supply systems;
-- Environmental considerations in the restructuring of
economic and defence activities;
-- Prevention, simulation and management of nuclear
accidents resulting from earthquakes in general or
accidental coolant loss in particular;
-- Treatment of naval base oil-contaminated wastewater;
-- Defence-related communication and transport systems.
01 The possible following topics for co-sponsored seminars
would be forwarded to the appropriate NATO bodies for
consideration according to agreed procedures:
-- Seminar on Romanian-Hungarian experiences in
implementing the Open Skies bilateral agreement to
take place in Romania in 1995;
-- Seminar on "the National Security Policy of Romania
within the present European and regional geo-strategic
-- International seminar "Terrorism & Organised Crime:
New Threats to International & National Security",
Minsk, April 1995; Principal sponsor in Belarus:
Development & Security Research Institute;
-- International Seminar "Formation of Civil Society in
Post-Totalitarian Countries & Problems of Democratic
Control of Armed Forces", Minsk, 1995, Principal
sponsor in Belarus: National Institute of Humanities.
A tovabbterjesztest a New York-i szekhelyu Magyar Emberi Jogok
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